1. What is MCT? 
 
MCT is a medium-chain triglyceride which is medium length of fatty acid. It looks like more scientific for everyone daily life. In fact, this scientific branch tends to more benefit in their life and health.
The doctor in this scientific branch usually use lipid word which conduct to a lot of lipid and the most importance are triglyceride and lipid. So, the oil that we will focus is triglyceride.

Normally, lipid and oil were use substitute. The surplus fat in your body such as the surplus fat under your upper arm skin, a thigh and abdomen which is consist of triglyceride totally.
 
 
The triglyceride consist of fat molecule call that fatty acid. One molecule of triglyceride consists of three fatty acid molecules. It has function of triglyceride backbone which joins or link with the fatty acid all of three molecules.
The scientist was divide fatty acid to 3 groups are:
1. Saturated Fatty Acid
2. Monounsaturated Fatty Acid
3. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid

The various oil for consume which is fat and oil from natural. It contains mixture of three groups of fatty acid.
The table shows each kind of fatty acid by their volume or quantity.
 
 
Fat
Saturated Fatty Acid volume (%) 
Monounsaturated Fatty Acid volume (%) 
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid volume (%) 

Canola oil

6
62
32

Safflower oil

10
13
77
Sunflower oil
11
20
69

Corn oil

13
25
62

Soy bean oil

15
24
61

Olive oil

14
77
9

Chicken fat

31
47
22

Lard

41
47
12

Beef fat

52
44
4

Palm oil

51
39
10

Butter

66
30
4
Coconut oil
92
6
2
 
 
 
 

Remarks: oil from every kind from vegetable has not cholesterol, but oil and fat from creature has cholesterol.
 
Each kind of fat has various factors which support your health such as saturation and size of carbon chain and sensitivity on oxidation reaction of fat and free radical.
 
Fatty acid every component consist of carbon chain link with hydrogen atom in difference quantity.

The example of Saturated Fatty Acid is Stearic acid which find in beef fat. At the carbon joint has hydrogen to be a partner completely. So, it has not free position.  

The example of Monounsaturated Fatty Acid is Oleic acid which find in olive oil. At the carbon joint has hydrogen absent and to be their partner only one position.

The example of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid is linoleic acid which find in vegetable oil. Almost, at the carbon joint has hydrogen absent and to be their partner in several position.
 
The Fatty acid in nature has an even number of carbon quantity
- Fatty acid which has 2-6 carbon atoms calls that Short-Chain Fatty Acid (SCFAs).
- Fatty acid which has 8-12 carbon atoms calls that Medium-Chain Fatty Acid (MCFAs).
- Fatty acid which has 14-24 carbon atoms calls that Long-Chain Fatty Acid (LCFAs).
 
When the same length of three fatty acid to be link together with glyceride molecule. The outcome molecule was called as follows:

SHORT CHAIN TRIGLYCERIDE (SCT)
MEDIUM CHAIN TRIGLYCERIDE (MCT)
LONG CHAIN TRIGLYCERIDE (LCT)

 
The Medium-Chain Triglyceride or MCT on food label especially infant food, bay food or supplementary food label.

The property of fatty acid that divide by molecule length, Short-Chain Fatty Acid (SCFAs) and Medium-Chain Fatty Acid (MCFAs) will brake digest and absorb easier than Long-Chain Fatty Acid (LCFAs). It does not depend on bile from pancreas to help for digest tend to fat was changed to energy completely. It has not occurred fat collectin in blood vessel or other part in your body. So, consumption of this oil does not cause of overweight and obesity.
 
 
When Long-Chain Fatty Acid (LCFAs) gets into the body, it will be roll for round shape call that chylomicron which circulate in blood vessel all the way may be harm by free radical to be swollen in blood vessel tend to solidify, clogged up, and transfer to liver again to be LDL which is dangerous cholesterol and can be cause of many diseases.
 
Burning of Long-Chain Fatty Acid (LCFAs) and
Medium-Chain Fatty Acid (MCFAs) in body
Fatty Acid Metabolism

Unsaturated oil especially for polyunsaturated oil although it has long chain structure, but according to be unsaturated structure give to high sensitivity on chemical reaction. After that, it occurs oxidize and free radical easier.

 
The table shows carbon and double bond in fatty acid

 
Fatty acid
Number of carbons
Number
of double

bonds
 
Common source
 
Length of molecule 
Saturated Fatty Acids
Acetic acid
2
0
Vinegar
 
Butyric acid
4
0
Butterfat
short
Caproic acid
6
0
Butterfat
 
Caprylic acid
8
0
Coconut oil
 
Capric acid
10
0
Palm oil
medium
Lauric acid
12
0
Coconut oil
 
Myristic acid
14
0
Nutmeg oil
 
Palmitic acid
16
0
Animal and vegetable oil
long
Stearic acid
18
0
Animal and vegetable oil
 
Arachidic acid
20
0
Peanut oil
long
Monosaturated Fatty Acids
Palmitoleic acid
16
1
Butterfat
 
Oleic acid
18
1
Olive oil
long
Erucic acid
22
1
Rapseed oil (Canola)
 
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid
Linoleic acid
18
2
Vegetable oil
 
Alpha-lineolenic
18
3
Linseed oil
 
Arachidonic acid
20
4
Lecithin
 
Eicosapentaenoic acid
20
5
Fish oils
long
Docosahexaenoic acid
22
6
Fish oils
 

The Medium-Chain Fatty Acid (MCFAs) or MCT has 8-12 carbon atoms in saturated fat which is the most benefit on your health.

 
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